Why is good nutrition important prior to and during pregnancy?
Eating a balanced diet, before becoming pregnant and during pregnancy, can help you make sure that you receive the right nutrients to support a healthy pregnancy. Healthy eating can also help to reduce your risk of developing conditions that can affect pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity.
Why are nutrients so important?
There are 6 essential nutrients that the body needs to function properly. Nutrients are compounds in foods essential to life and health, providing us with energy, the building blocks for repair and growth and substances necessary to regulate chemical processes.
Why is folate important in pregnancy?
When the baby is developing early during pregnancy, folic acid helps form the neural tube. Folic acid is very important because it can help prevent some major birth defects of the baby’s brain (anencephaly) and spine (spina bifida).
What are nutritional needs?
Food provides us with the energy and nutrients we need to stay healthy. Men and women need protein (meat, fish, dairy, beans, and nuts), carbohydrates (whole grains), healthy fats (healthy oils), vitamins, minerals, and water. These things may help prevent some diseases.
How does maternal nutrition affect a fetus?
Maternal nutrition is a key regulator of fetal growth as the mother provides the macro- and micronutrients that both the fetus and placenta require to grow. Several experimental and epidemiological studies have shown that under-nutrition of the mother impairs fetal growth (Sferruzzi-Perri et al., 2013).
What is the importance of food and nutrition?
Food and nutrition are the way that we get fuel, providing energy for our bodies. We need to replace nutrients in our bodies with a new supply every day. Water is an important component of nutrition. Fats, proteins, and carbohydrates are all required.
What is the most important nutrient?
That’s because water is the most important essential nutrient. It is involved in many of your body’s vital functions, and it distributes other essential nutrients to your cells.